Effectiveness of Gun Control on Firearm Involved Homicide Deaths

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of gun control laws on firearm deaths. Statistical data is used to provide context of firearm involved homicide. The potential effectiveness of gun control laws are examined based on the statistical data.

Introduction

Gun control is a frequently debated topic. The debate often focuses on the need and effectiveness of more restrictive gun control laws. This paper will attempt to address those particular arguments.

Methodology

A quantitative research method was used based on statistical data derived from U.S. government sources. All data is applicable to the year 2011, as this was the most recent year that data was readily available.

Data

The total number of homicide incidents involving a firearm was 9,900 in 2011.

Source:

U.S. Department of Justice

Homicide in the U.S. Known to Law Enforcement, 2011 (page 6)

https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/hus11.pdf

US population on July 1, 2011 was 311,644,280.

Source:

United States Census Bureau

U.S. and World Population Clock

https://www.census.gov/popclock/

The percent of U.S. population killed in firearm involved homicide was approximately 0.003% in 2011.

The percent of firearm involved homicides where the perpetrator ignored existing law was 100% in 2011.

Conclusion

Homicide incidents involving a firearm affected an extremely small proportion of the overall population in 2011. There does not appear to be a compelling need for increased gun control. Furthermore, criminals do not obey laws, therefore it's logical to conclude that gun control laws are generally ineffective at reducing firearm involved homicides.